BIRTHMARK REMOVAL TREATMENTS NEW JERSEY
WHAT IS A VASCULAR BIRTHMARK?
WHAT CAUSES BIRTHMARKS?
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF VASCULAR BIRTHMARKS?
COMPLICATIONS OF HEMANGIOMAS
If the hemangioma is over the rectum or genitalia, or close to the mouth, nose, or eyes, more issues will arise. Your dermatologist should keep a close eye on this, as it might need more treatment.
Given that these birthmarks appear to bleed readily, most parents are undoubtedly concerned about this. That shouldn’t be an issue, though. A hemangioma will only bleed if it is injured. If that happens, it will be handled just like any other injury. After cleaning with hydrogen peroxide or soap and water, the area needs to be bandaged with gauze. It’s also advisable to apply strong pressure to the area for five to ten minutes. If this doesn’t stop the bleeding, give your doctor a call.
When it comes to vascular birthmarks, macular stains are the most common, and physicians often characterize them as faint or mild red marks. These are often found on the eyelids or forehead, and are sometimes called “angel’s kisses.” This variety often fades away in a year or two. When they occur behind the neck, they are known as “stork bites.” Stork bites often last well into adulthood. They also occur in other areas of the body, such as the upper lip and the tip of the nose, and are usually flat and pinkish in color.
TREATMENT OF HEMANGIOMAS
When hemangiomas do require treatment, there are various options. There is no 100% safe and effective treatment, so the benefits and drawbacks of each must be carefully considered.
Corticosteroid medicine combined with propranolol is commonly used to treat hemangiomas that grow quickly. Neither of these is administered intravenously or orally. The infant might need to receive ongoing, recurrent treatment. Among the hazards associated with this type of treatment are cataracts, higher blood pressure and blood sugar, an increased risk of infection, and poor growth.
Lasers can also be used to inhibit the growth of hemangiomas. However, because most lasers cannot pierce far enough, they can only cure surface hemangiomas. A certain type of laser is capable of treating deeper components, although it is not yet available.
Port-wine stains, in contrast to other birthmarks, are visible from birth. These are flat, discolored in red, pink, or purple, and frequently found on the arms, legs, or neck. Unlike hemangiomas, they grow with the infant and can be of any size. Additionally, port-wine stains are permanent; they thicken, get ridges, or grow little lumps over time.
COMPLICATIONS OF PORT-WINE STAINS
Stains from port wine on the forehead, both sides of the face, or the eyelids may also be linked to glaucoma and/or seizures. If glaucoma is not treated, pressure on the eye could result in blindness. Less than 25% of people with port-wine stains on their forehead and eyelids, however, experience severe consequences. All newborns with port-wine stains in these locations need to undergo comprehensive neurologic and ophthalmologic (eye) exams.
The tissues surrounding a port-wine stain can occasionally gradually grow. Children with huge port-wine stains on their arms or legs may have growth issues, so they need to be properly watched.
Port-wine stains have the potential to expand into tiny blood vessel growths called pyogenic granulomas over time. They should be taken out since they bleed easily.
TREATMENT OF PORT-WINE STAIN BIRTHMARK
We provide FDA-approved laser therapy for port-wine stains at our clinic. For greatest effects, treatment should start as early as infancy. The outpatient procedure known as laser surgery necessitates numerous sessions every few months. A patient will require fewer treatments the younger they are. About 25% of individuals can have the port-wine stain entirely removed with a laser, and over 70% will experience a noticeable improvement. For unclear reasons, a tiny fraction of patients do not react well to laser treatment.
There are other hazards associated with laser therapy. Patchy skin tanning or whitening may happen along with a discernible rise or fall in pigmentation. Most of the time, this is just transitory. Additionally, there can be a small amount of crusting, edema, or bleeding. These are rather uncommon and frequently respond well to treatment. Scarring that is permanent is quite unusual. Although not painful, laser therapy might cause some discomfort. For newborns and young children, anesthesia is crucial, but it’s not required for adults. When general anesthesia is used to put the child to sleep, there are increased expenses and hazards involved. The majority of vascular birthmarks respond well to therapy, and some even go away on their own. With ongoing research, we are able to learn more about the causes of vascular birthmarks and improve the way they are treated.