Cosmetic Skin

Birthmark Removal Treatment New Jersey

What Is A Vascular Birthmark?

Birthmarks are common in newborns. These typically show up a few weeks after birth and can be pink, red, brown, tan, or blue. In infants, vascular birthmarks affect 10% of the population. These types of birthmarks are made up of grouped blood vessels under the skin. They might be elevated or flat and frequently take the form of pink, blue, or reddish discolorations.

What Causes Birthmark?

Like most birth abnormalities, birthmarks have exact causes that are unknown. Vascular birthmarks are not inherited nor are they brought on by events that occurred during the mother’s pregnancy.

What Are The Different Types Of Vascular Birthmarks?

There are various types of vascular birthmarks, and it may take weeks or months to distinguish between them. Hemangiomas, port-wine stains, and macular stains are some of the most prevalent kinds of vascular birthmarks. There are a few further uncommon varieties.

Mascular Stains

Macular stains are the most prevalent type of vascular birthmarks; doctors typically describe them as weak or mild red markings. These are commonly referred to as “angel’s kisses” and are frequently located on the forehead or eyelids. This variation usually disappears after a year or two. They’re called “stork bites” when they happen behind the neck. Bites from storks can persist well into maturity. They are often flat and pinkish in appearance, and they can also occur in other parts of the body like the top lip and the tip of the nose.


Although the term “hemangioma” is rather general and can refer to numerous types of blood vessel growths, dermatologists typically use it to refer to one of the most prevalent types of vascular birthmarks. Instead of appearing right away after birth, hemangiomas typically take a few weeks to manifest. Two kinds of this sort of vascular birthmark exist. Because of the aberrant blood vessels that are gathered close to the skin’s surface, producing the appearance of slightly elevated skin, the first form of hemangioma is called strawberry hemangioma because of its vivid red color. Because the aberrant arteries are located deeper beneath the epidermis, the second type of hemangioma, known as cavernous hemangioma, has a bluish tint. Hemangiomas can develop anywhere on the body or face and are more common in preterm and female neonates. Hemangiomas often only develop in one, yet occasionally two or even three do. Hemangiomas can also extremely rarely arise more than once, sometimes even inside of the body. The majority of hemangiomas hardly ever get larger than two or three inches across. Usually starting in the first six weeks of life, growth stops after the first year. By then, it becomes steadily smaller and whiter. About 50% of hemangiomas would be flat by the time a child is five years old, while in 9 out of 10 cases, it may take until the child is nine years old. They usually disappear completely, however sometimes a slight mark is left behind. On the other hand, it is impossible to predict how big a hemangioma will get or whether it will dissolve entirely.

Complications Of Hemangiomas

Occasionally, rapid growth or shrinkage of a hemangioma might result in the formation of an ulcer or an open sore. These are really uncomfortable and can get nasty sores. In these situations, a dermatologist ought to be consulted. Applying antibiotic ointment and covering the area with dressing will help keep it clean.
If the hemangioma is over the rectum or genitalia, or close to the mouth, nose, or eyes, more issues will arise. Your dermatologist should keep a close eye on this, as it might need more treatment.
Given that these birthmarks appear to bleed readily, most parents are undoubtedly concerned about this. That shouldn’t be an issue, though. A hemangioma will only bleed if it is injured. If that happens, it will be handled just like any other injury. After cleaning with hydrogen peroxide or soap and water, the area needs to be bandaged with gauze. It’s also advisable to apply strong pressure to the area for five to ten minutes. If this doesn’t stop the bleeding, give your doctor a call.

Mascular Stains

When it comes to vascular birthmarks, macular stains are the most common, and physicians often characterize them as faint or mild red marks. These are often found on the eyelids or forehead, and are sometimes called “angel’s kisses.” This variety often fades away in a year or two. When they occur behind the neck, they are known as “stork bites.” Stork bites often last well into adulthood. They also occur in other areas of the body, such as the upper lip and the tip of the nose, and are usually flat and pinkish in color.

Treatment Of Hemangiomas

When a baby is discovered to have a vascular birthmark, a dermatologist should be seen right once to ensure proper diagnosis and prompt, appropriate treatment. Typically, parents can’t endure seeing a hemangioma enlarge without intervening. Nonetheless, the majority of hemangiomas eventually shrink and go away on their own, necessitating no medical intervention.
When hemangiomas do require treatment, there are various options. There is no 100% safe and effective treatment, so the benefits and drawbacks of each must be carefully considered.
Corticosteroid medicine combined with propranolol is commonly used to treat hemangiomas that grow quickly. Neither of these is administered intravenously or orally. The infant might need to receive ongoing, recurrent treatment. Among the hazards associated with this type of treatment are cataracts, higher blood pressure and blood sugar, an increased risk of infection, and poor growth.
Lasers can also be used to inhibit the growth of hemangiomas. However, because most lasers cannot pierce far enough, they can only cure surface hemangiomas. A certain type of laser is capable of treating deeper components, although it is not yet available.

Port-Wine Stains

Another kind of vascular birthmark is the port-wine stain, which should not be mistaken with a hemangioma. Known by other names as nevusflammeus or capillary hemangioma, it affects 3 out of every 1,000 newborns.
Port-wine stains, in contrast to other birthmarks, are visible from birth. These are flat, discolored in red, pink, or purple, and frequently found on the arms, legs, or neck. Unlike hemangiomas, they grow with the infant and can be of any size. Additionally, port-wine stains are permanent; they thicken, get ridges, or grow little lumps over time.

Complications Of Port-Wine Stains

Port-wine stains, particularly those on the face, frequently result in social, emotional, and financial issues. Even minor facial port-wine stains can have a negative impact on how you feel about your appearance, how other people perceive you, and even your chances of being recruited for specific occupations.
Stains from port wine on the forehead, both sides of the face, or the eyelids may also be linked to glaucoma and/or seizures. If glaucoma is not treated, pressure on the eye could result in blindness. Less than 25% of people with port-wine stains on their forehead and eyelids, however, experience severe consequences. All newborns with port-wine stains in these locations need to undergo comprehensive neurologic and ophthalmologic (eye) exams.
The tissues surrounding a port-wine stain can occasionally gradually grow. Children with huge port-wine stains on their arms or legs may have growth issues, so they need to be properly watched.
Port-wine stains have the potential to expand into tiny blood vessel growths called pyogenic granulomas over time. They should be taken out since they bleed easily.

Treatment Of Port-Wine Stain Birthmark

Cover-up cosmetics has long been used to cure port-wine stains. Your doctor can give you the proper information about birthmark concealing products. Products designed especially for this purpose are available.There are many techniques for removing port-wine stains, but none of them have shown to be effective enough. The best outcomes with the least amount of dangers and side effects have been seen thus far with new types of lasers.
We provide FDA-approved laser therapy for port-wine stains at our clinic. For greatest effects, treatment should start as early as infancy. The outpatient procedure known as laser surgery necessitates numerous sessions every few months. A patient will require fewer treatments the younger they are. About 25% of individuals can have the port-wine stain entirely removed with a laser, and over 70% will experience a noticeable improvement. For unclear reasons, a tiny fraction of patients do not react well to laser treatment.
There are other hazards associated with laser therapy. Patchy skin tanning or whitening may happen along with a discernible rise or fall in pigmentation. Most of the time, this is just transitory. Additionally, there can be a small amount of crusting, edema, or bleeding. These are rather uncommon and frequently respond well to treatment. Scarring that is permanent is quite unusual. Although not painful, laser therapy might cause some discomfort. For newborns and young children, anesthesia is crucial, but it’s not required for adults. When general anesthesia is used to put the child to sleep, there are increased expenses and hazards involved. The majority of vascular birthmarks respond well to therapy, and some even go away on their own. With ongoing research, we are able to learn more about the causes of vascular birthmarks and improve the way they are treated.


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